The Structure of the Internet
The Internet, the largest and most famous example of a “network of networks,” is made up of millions of computers linked to networks all over the world. Computers and networks on the Internet are connected by fiber optic cables, satellites, phone lines, and other communication systems.
A website, or site, is a collection of related web pages, including multimedia content, typically identified with a common domain name, and published on at least one web server.
Different Kinds of Websites:
- Personal Website
- Photo Sharing Websites
- Community Building Websites
- Informational Websites
- Businesses that don’t sell online
- E-Commerce Websites
- Directory Websites
TASK: Each group will be assigned a type of website to find and share.
How To Use the Internet
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web. An information resource is identified by a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI/URL) that may be a web page, image, video or other piece of content. URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator.
Common web browsers are Google Chrome, Firefox, and Safari, which are all search engines. A search engine is a program that searches for and identifies items in a database that correspond to keywords or characters specified by the user, used especially for finding particular sites on the World Wide Web.
A website is a location connected to the Internet that maintains one or more pages on the World Wide Web. You find a website by either searching in a web browser or by typing in the URL into the web browser’s address bar.
Websites can look however the designer wants them to look, however a majority of them follow some pretty basic rules to make sure that whomever is using the website has a good experience (UX: User Experience) and finds the information they need.
TASK: Look at the homepage of the Summer IT Camp website. What parts does it have and what parts doesn’t it have?
User experience varies from website to website. Some basic standards are:
- Logo at the top
- Contact information or link at the top
- Main navigation (menu bar) in the header
- Value proposition (explain their value to the visitor) ‘above the fold’ on the web page
- Call to action above the fold
- Search feature in the header
- Signup box in the footer
- Social media icons in header or footer
- Responsive design (looks good on mobile devises or desktop devices)